Sony PlayStation 4 (PS4) Technical Details
The Sony PlayStation 4 and Microsoft Xbox One will be the main contenders in the next generation games console battle. With machines due to launch in late 2013, Sony now has unveiled the full technical specifications of their latest console. On this first of a two-part series we require a comprehensive look at the PS4’s technical details.
Processor (Main and Graphics)
In the middle of any console could be the processor. The PS4 make use of a unit manufactured by AMD that’s based on a not-yet-released PC product, codenamed Jaguar. The CPU (short for computer) will feature eight low-power cores and may work in conjunction with the Radeon based graphics processing unit, or GPU. The GPU features 18 computing units, each running at 800MHz which, with the CPU, provides the PS4 with 1.84 TFLOPS of computing power.
RAM (Ramdom Access Memory)
Among the standout numbers for the PlayStation 4’s specification sheet is its 8GB of GDDR5 RAM. This high-end memory is expensive and is rarely found in this quantity, even in high end PC graphics cards that by themselves can cost as much as the PS4 probably will cost. This makes it increasingly impressive that it is in the PS4. The inclusion with this level of RAM as standard may well future proof the console to a certain degree.
It remains to be seen what amount of the RAM is required through the PS4 operating system. Based on experience with current generation consoles and high end gaming PC’s, we would expect a maximum of 1GB to become required for this purpose, thus leaving a considerable amount free for PS4 games duties.
Internal storage also comes in the form of a 500GB 2.5-inch SATA conventional mechanical hard drive, quite an increase from that relating to the PlayStation 3 which only a 20GB hard drive on launch. It should be said though the PS3 has gone through several versions since it was first introduced in 2006 and the latest super slim models come which hard drives ranging from 250GB to 500GB.
A plus point for the PS4 is that the hard drive is user removable and upgradeable, thus allowing larger capacity mechanical hard disks to be installed. The current largest 2.5″ hard disk available is 2TB or 2000GB (4x the size of the standard drive) so assuming the os of the console allows it, the storage capacity with the system can be greatly expanded. Another highlight is the possibility of installing an SSD or solid state drive inside the PS4. Whilst capacities are under standard hard drives, access files transfer speeds are much faster.
The Sony PS4 use an integrated 6x CAV Blu-ray drive using a maximum read speed of 27 MB/s. This compares favourably together with the PS3’s 2x speed Blu-ray unit that’s capped at just 9MB/s. Let loose of the PS3’s throughput restrictions, the PS4 is going to be noticeably faster at disc to hard drive data transfer and will make initial game create much quicker, even taking into consideration the expected larger files sizes of the new generation games.
The drive will read and play Blu-ray discs, DVD’s and CD’s, though it is unlikely to be capable of reading the new quad-layer 100 GB capacity Blu-ray discs that will support 4k resolutions. This is unlikely to be an issue as it is doubtful the PS4 will support 4k output.
This concludes the first part of our look at the PS4’s technical specification. Inside the second part we deal with the video and sound output, connectivity, the brand new DualShock 4 controller along with the accessories available for generation x console.